›› 2009, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (3): 56-63.

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A New SNP in Coding Region of hsp70 Gene and the Association of  Polymorphism with Heat Stress Traits in Chinese Holstein Cattle

HAN Jian-bo 1,2, LI Qiu-ling 2, WANG Chang-fa 2, WANG Hong-mei 2, LI Jian-bin 2, ZHONG Ji-feng 2, |PAN Qing-jie 1   

  1. 1.College of Animal Science and Technology, Qingdao Agricultural University, Shandong Qingdao 266109|2..Dairy Cattle Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Science, Shandong Ji'nan 250100, China
  • Received:2009-01-04 Revised:2009-02-20 Online:2009-06-15 Published:2009-06-15
  • Contact: Pan Qing-jie, professor in animal productive development. Tel: 0532-88030482; E-mail: qjpan6211@yahoo.com.cn. Zhong Ji-feng, professor in breeding of animal. E-mail:sdox2@163.com
  • About author:Han Jianbo, master in breeding of animal. E-mail: hanjianbo2003@yahoo.com.cn
  • Supported by:

    863 Project of China (No.2006AA1021D9; 2007AA10Z169); Shandong High Technology and Development Project of China (No.2006YCX028; 2007YCX019); Natural Science Foundation Project of Shandong (No.Y2008D56).



  1. 1.青岛农业大学动物科技学院, 山东 青岛 266109|2.山东省农业科学院奶牛研究中心, 济南 250100


In order to explore the association of hsp70 gene polymorphism with heat stress traits \[rectal temperature (RT) and potassium content in erythrocytes (PCE)\] in 290 heads of Chinese Holstein cattle, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) was used to detect possible single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in hsp70 gene, genotypes were analyzed by the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique, SBYE method was used to quantify hsp70 mRNA expression in different tissues through fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription (RT)-PCR assay. We found a G/A SNP at nucleotide 1524, resulting two genotypes of AA and AB. Allele and genotype frequencies were 0.957 0 and 0.043 0, and 0.913 7 and 0.086 3, respectively. χ2 test showed that the population was at Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Association analysis indicated that there was no difference in RT between AA and AB genotypes, however, the PCE was significantly different between AA and AB genotypes. The results of the fluorescent quantitative RTPCR study showed that the expression of hsp70 mRNA in the liver was significantly higher than other tissues (P<0.05). We presume that the G/A SNP at nucleotide 1524 in the hsp70 gene might be in association with heat stress in Chinese Holstein cattle.

Key words: heat shock protein 70, polymorphism, heat stress, fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR, Holstein cattle


为了探索hsp70基因多态性与热应激性状(直肠温度和红细胞钾含量)的相关性,利用PCR-SSCP方法检测290头中国荷斯坦奶牛hsp70基因的未知SNP,并利用PCR-RFLP方法对基因进行分型,采用SBYE荧光定量PCR方法检测不同组织中hsp70 mRNA表达水平。结果显示,在1524位点发现一个G/A突变,有两种基因型(AA/AB),基因频率和基因型频率分别是0.957 0,0.043 0和0.913 7,0.086 3,卡方检验该群体处于哈迪-温伯格平衡。相关性分析结果表明,AA、AB基因型的直肠温度没有显著差异,但在红细胞钾含量中有极显著差异。肝脏中hsp70 mRNA表达水平显著高于其他组织。推测hsp70基因1524位点的G/A SNP与中国荷斯坦奶牛热应激有关。

关键词: 热休克蛋白70,多态性,热应激,荧光定量PCR,荷斯坦奶牛

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